Marketing Research/ Research Methodology

MBA Assignment A

Question1. “Food Mania” is a chain of fast food restaurants located in major metropolitan areas in the south. Sales have been growing very slowly for the last two years. Management has decided to add some new items to the menu, but first they want to know more about their customers and their preferences.

a)     List two Hypothesis

b)    What kind of research design is appropriate? Why?

Question2. Develop a plan for conducting a focus group to determine consumers’ attitudes towards and preferences for imported automobiles. Specify the objectives of the focus group, write a screening questionnaire, and develop a moderato’s outline.

Question3. You are in the marketing research department of a firm specializing in developing decision support system (DSS) for the health care Industry. Your firm would like to measure the attitudes of hospital administrators towards DSS. The interview would be conducted by telephone. You have been asked to develop an appropriate scale for this purpose. Management would like you to explain and justify your reasoning in constructing the scale.

Question4. After receiving some complaints from readers, your campus newspaper decides to redesign its front page. Two new formats B and C were developed and tested against the current format,’ A.’ A total of 75 students were randomly selected and 25 students were randomly assigned to each of three format conditions. The students were asked to evaluate the effectiveness of the format on an 11-point scale. ( 1 = Poor, 11 = excellent )

a)     State the null hypothesis

b)    What statistical test should you use?

c)     What are the degrees of freedom associated with the test statistic?

Question5. Describe the appropriate target population and the sampling frame in each of the following situations:

a)     The manufacturer of a new cereal brands want to conduct in home product usage test in Chicago.

b)    A national chain store wants to determine the shopping behavior of customers who have in store charge card.

c)     A local TV station wants to determine households’ viewing habits and programming preferences.

d)    The local chapter of the American Marketing Association wants to test the effectiveness of its new member’s drive in Atlanta.

e)     A distance education institute wants to determine effectiveness of its management programme launched 3 years ago.

Question6. Develop a series of questions for determining the proportion of households with children under age 10 where child abuse takes place. Use the randomized response technique.

Question7. A manufacturer would like to survey users to determine the demand potential for a new power press. The new press has a capacity of 500 tons and cost $225,000.It is used for forming products from lightweight ad heavyweight steel can be used by automobile, construction equipment and major appliance manufacturers.


a)     Identify the population and sampling frame that could be used.

b)    Describe how a simple random sample can be drawn using the identified sampling frame.

c)     Could a stratified sample be used? If so, how?

d)    Could a cluster sample be used? If so, how?

e)     Which sampling technique would you recommend? Why?

Question8. A major department store chain is having an end –of –season sale on refrigerators. The number of refrigerators sold during this sale at a sample of 10 stores was 59.

a)     Is there evidence that an average of more than 50 refrigerators per store were sold during this sale? Use alpha = 0.05

b)     What assumption is necessary to perform this test?

MBA Assignment B

Case Detail :

Read the case study given below and answer the questions given at the end


Case Study

Nike Sprints Ahead of the Competition, Yet Has a Long Way to Run

Nike Inc. located in Beaverton, Oregon is the number one U.S. athletic footwear company and one of the most recognized American brands among foreign consumers. The high degree of recognition is one of the main reasons Nike has been so successful. For the 2005 fiscal year ending May 31, 2005 the company continued to soar, with sales of over $13.7 billion. As of 2006 the company’s trademarks included Nike and Swoosh design and were sold under the brand names Cole Hann, Bauer, and Nike. The company operated 23 distribution centers in Europe, Asia, Australia, Latin America, Africa and Canada.

Perhaps such success could be attributed to its concept based advertising campaigns. The company uses a process that is often called “image transfer”. Nike ads traditionally did not specifically place a product or mention the brand name. A mood or atmosphere is created and than brand is associated with that mood. ”We don’t set out to make ad the ultimate goal is to make connection.” States Dan Wieden, executive at one of Nike’s ad agency. One ad features the Beatles and clips of Nike athletes, Michael Jordan and John McEnroe, Juxtaposed with pictures of regular folk also engaged in sports. It was use to infer that real athletes preferred Nike and that perhaps if general audience buy the brand they will play better, too. Nike’s unpredictable image –based ads have ranged from the shocking, such as its portrayal of real blood and guts in the” search and destroy” campaign used during the 1996 Olympics games, to humors, such as the first ad used to launch Michael Jordan’s brand wear. The latter advertising made the tongue-in-check suggestion that Jordan himself had a hand in the production by sleeping away from a bull’s game at half to run over to his company and than return in time for the games second half.

In 1998 Nike shifted to a new phase in its marketing strategy. Nike emphasized more of its product innovation skills than the jokey, edgy attitude that it displayed in previous year.” We recognize that our ads need to tell consumers that we are about product innovation and not just athletes and exposure. We need to prove to consumer that we are not just slapping a swoosh on stuff to make a buck,” said Chris Zimmerman director of Nike’s U.S. advertising. With the launch of the “I can” campaign, Nike showed fewer of the celebrity athletes who previously usage than in the previous “Just Do It” campaign. Competitors Reebok and Adidas recently featured more product focused ads and were met with a great deal of success. Despite this rearranged focus, Nike did not back away from innovative marketing.

On September 4, 2003 Nike acquired converse Inc. And on august 11, 2004, the company acquired starter properties LLC and Official Starter LLC. On august 4, 2005, Adidas confirmed that it had agreed to acquire Reebok for $3.8 billion. Industry official saw more consolidated ahead.

In 2005, Bill Perez, president and CEO of Nike, stated that developing markets – India, Thailand, Indonesia China, Russia- and the development of Converse , Starter and Nike’s other subsidiary presented big growth opportunity. ”We’ve just scratched the surface in the women’s fitness. In soccer, we have become world’s leading on-field performance brand. And we have been able to leverage that on-field success by creating entirely new category of soccer street foot ware. And we see opportunities like this throughout the portfolio.”

As the company looks ahead of 2010, at the heart of the Nike’s future strategy is the international arena, which could prove to be the most difficult element for Nike to undertake. There seems to be a pretty strong recognition that by 2010, Nike would be largest outside the US than inside. Most recently Nike bought out many of its worldwide distribution centers in order to have greater control of its operation. In the future Nike would like to build up its presence in the key market of India, Thailand, Indonesia, Brazil, China, and Russia. Nike will focus its advertising on sports and will feature sports that are of particular interest in specific region. Nike realizes that while it is ahead of its competition, it still has a long, long way to run.

Questions 1: Should Nike switch a focus on celebrity to a focus on its products in its advertising? Discuss the role of marketing research in helping Nike management take the decision. What kind of research should be undertaken?

Question 2: How would you describe the buying behavior of consumers with respect to athlete footwear?

Question 3: Define the marketing research problem facing Nike, given the management decision problem you have identified?

Question 4: What is the management decision problem facing Nike as it attempt to retain its leadership position?

MBA Assignment C

  1. The respondent’s perceptions that their identities will not be discerned by the interviewer or the researcher–
  2. Observation bias for mechanical observation–
  3. Pretest-Posttest Control Group is which type of Experimental design?
  4. The process of correcting data to reduce them to the sample scale by subtracting the sample mean and dividing by the standard deviation–
  5. Scale intervals can be used for–
  6. The process of recognizing and noting people–
  7. Descriptive research is a type of–
  8. What is meant by value of research information?
  9. The efficiency of OTC products is checked by–
  10. An extraneous variable involving changes in the; measuring instrument or in the observers or scores themselves—
  11. may be broadly classified as exploratory or conclusive.
  12. The time which a respondent takes before answering the question–
  13. An extraneous variable attributable to the loss of test units while the experiment is in process–
  14. Which one of these is a Market Research Firm?
  15. A focus group technique using a telecommunication network is called–
  16. In Exploratory research design the methods used are-
  17. The research methodology which provides insights and understanding to the problem is–
  18. When is the transcribing process of data preparation irrelevant?
  19. A scale for measuring attitudes that consists of a single adjective in the middle of an even-numbered range of values, from -5 to +5, without a neutral point,is–
  20. Companies that collect and sell common pools of data designed to serve information needs shared by a number of clients is–
  21. Which is a type of limited services?
  22. Types of syndicated services–
  23. The research design which is used to obtain the evidence of cause and effect relationship is–
  24. What is list of all units/observations is known as?
  25. Promotion of cable TV affects the health of a child   1) strongly agrees 2) agree 3) disagree 4) strongly disagree 5) undecided   is an example of–
  26. Multiple choice questions for which usually only two responses are given such as:  yes -no, male- female is termed as–
  27. The summary description of a fixed characteristic or measure of a target population is known as–
  28. Which of the following is a technique of exploratory research design?
  29. Which of the following techniques is commonly used in social science research?
  30. Ranking of a team can de done with the help of–
  31. What is the degree of freedom for F-test?
  32. Which of the following is the source of secondary data?
  33. What is the another name for single cross-sectional designs?
  34. Questions to which the respondents can answer in their own words are–
  35. Number of units to be included in the study is called–
  36. Technique used to motivate respondents to enlarge on, clarify or explain their answers–
  37. Non-metric data can be measured on–
  38. Which of the following represents the middle value when the data is arranged in the ascending or descending order?
  39. Story – telling is an example of
  40. “A Local radio station asks people to call in and express their reactions to some controversial issues “is an example of–

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